The world is changing rapidly and facing modern problems day by day which requires modern and smart solutions. And for that, it needs smart and active brains that know how to resolve the matters and to find out the best possible solution and ways to tackle daily problems effectively.
Being a part of the 21st century the utmost task we have is to build our upcoming generation in a way that they can be more creative, efficient and smart so they won’t suffer what we have. And for that, the broadest and most effective area where we can work is to bring innovation and amendments in our pedagogy.
Traditional pedagogy is more focused on memorization and learning languages instead of critical thinking and polishing pupil’s skills. It is not preparing pupils for life beyond school. Lectures and direct instruction can be used to convey information to the pupil, but they don’t enhance skills like teamwork, problem-solving, and curiosity that the modern world is increasingly looking for.
So now educationists have found a new pedagogy to work on pupils’ skills and to bring their focus on dealing with real-world problems and for which they have introduced project-based learning.
Project-based learning is basically to share and exchange views and sensitize the new generation with global issues and encourage and nurture their thought process to change the world with a smart and effective solution .it is focused on exploring real-world problems and challenges help students learn more effectively. It is a method of active and inquiry-based learning.
Unlike a written test, it involved a personal investment. It is graded based on a clearly defined rubric made or modified specially for the project. And grasp student’s attention as it is relevant to student’s lives or future lives.
It is like a catalyst for transforming science learning, helping pupils move from asking “what?” to also asking “why?” and “how?”
It is based upon Driving Questions that encompass every aspect of learning that will occur and established the need to know attitude in them. Pupil will be motivated to deepen their understanding to solve a problem that is meaningful to them. Concepts are better understood when pupils found a need for their use because that need persuade them to apply what they’re learning to pertinent situations, leading to a better sense of understanding.
No shocker here, project-based work is challenging but it gives students an overall sense of accomplishment and learning. They feel empowered that they can still accomplish and learn more on their own.
Although it is a bit hectic, timely, complex and covers many tasks and takes a team of highly trained professionals and significant time to plan and implement. It requires the teacher’s guidance and team collaboration as well.
The teacher work occurs mainly before the projects start and require proper preparation and includes many needs to know on the part of the teacher and pupils.
Teachers need to put focus on many areas like, to lock down the design principles. They need to be quantifiable, considering both content and assessment and be informed by practice. Teachers should also study adaptation of the design principles, taken to fit the local school setting.
They need to pay more attention to implementation that how the roll out of Project Based Learning is affected by the broader school context, how different approaches to professional development affect Project Based learning, how their belief influences the use of Project Based Learning and how the use of technology addresses teacher challenges in the classroom.
And most importantly the top priority for Project Based Learning should be to structure Project Based learning design principles that can be used in different settings, such as different grade levels, student populations, and subject areas.